There is no proven direct connection between eating disorders and anxiety. However, since there are several kinds of eating disorders, most of the triggered by fear, and the same thing is what causes anxiety, eating disorders and anxiety go hand in hand.
Let’s take these types of eating disorders as examples
Anorexia Nervosa – people suffering from anorexia nervosa feel the need to lose weight even when they are already thin. They become obsessed with losing weight, usually because of the fear of getting fat or overweight. If you will observe it, some of the things they do somehow resemble those of people with OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder). They do repetitive actions without realizing it, but somehow they still do not feel satisfied. For fear of becoming overweight, people with Anorexia Nervosa may engage themselves in activities that they think would give them the body they desire, and overdo them. This could lead to complications like over fatigue. Aside from extreme physical training, Anorexia Nervosa may also lead to substance abuse.
Bulimia Nervosa – We all love to eat, and from time to time we become guilty of over-eating. To counter the effects of our guilty pleasures, we tend to eat less the following week, plan our diet, exercise, or other healthy activities available. People with Bulimia Nervosa feel the same way, but they do it fast, and they do it instantly. They cut down the carbs and fats by vomiting them all out. They drink laxatives, pills, and everything that promise instant weight loss. They get stuck in a loop of eating like a king one day, and then starving themselves to death the next day. They do it over and over again. We tend to picture people with eating disorders as extremely thin with all their bones visible. However, more often, bulimic people are average in weight and body type. But it doesn’t really matter. Just like anorexics, bulimics are inferior of their body despite not being overweight.
Binge Eating Disorder – I already mentioned it that we all love to eat. We indulge ourselves in these little pieces of heaven. After that, we go on our lives and eat again when we have to. But for people with Binge Eating Disorder, the eating doesn’t end there. They feel the need to eat ‘all day’, but unlike bulimics, they do not plan on vomiting or taking laxatives. Don’t get it all wrong. They get worried about their health too, and are willing to do something about it. However, they can’t control it. They think about food all the time, and are hungry all the time. What causes Binge Eating Disorder differs from people to people, but most of the time, it’s their way of coping up with problems, depression, or anxiety.
There are still no ‘concrete’ evidence as to how eating disorders relate to Anxiety and Depression, but they affect each other one way or another. It could be because of fear of not getting what they want, the fear of becoming irresponsible of their own body, fear of not being accepted by the society.
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